Today’s Final Jeopardy – Monday, January 16, 2023


Warning: This page contains spoilers for the January 16, 2023, game of Jeopardy! — please do not scroll down if you wish to avoid being spoiled. Please note that the game airs as early as noon Eastern in some U.S. television markets.

Here’s today’s Final Jeopardy (in the category Business Milestones) for Monday, January 16, 2023 (Season 39, Game 91):

These were first sold in 1908, at a price equivalent to about $27,000 today

(correct response beneath the contestants)

Today’s Jeopardy! contestants:

Katie Palumbo, a museum interpreter from Amawalk, New York
Katie Palumbo on Jeopardy!
Jimmy Davoren, a teacher from Coronado, California
Jimmy Davoren on Jeopardy!
Yogesh Raut, a blogger, podcaster & freelance writer originally from Springfield, Illinois (3-day total: $96,403)
Yogesh Raut on Jeopardy!

Andy’s Pregame Thoughts:

Yogesh Raut finished last week as a three-game champion, having won nearly $100,000. He’ll probably need at least one more victory, if not two, to secure qualification in this fall’s Tournament of Champions. Today’s challengers—Jimmy Davoren and Katie Palumbo—are setting out today hoping to stop him.

Also, today, I’d like to share my mindset behind writing some of the gameplay criticisms I do regarding some players. I should make this abundantly clear: players are welcome to play the game however they like and however they feel comfortable. However, I know that at least some subset of my readership consists of prospective contestants. And, I’d like to use my platform to inform future players of potential strategic considerations that might otherwise be overlooked. I hope these players can use my ideas as a starting point so they can reach their fullest potential as Jeopardy! contestants.


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Correct response: What is the Ford Model T?


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(The following write-up is original content and is copyright 2023 The Jeopardy! Fan. It may not be copied without linked attribution back to this page.)

The Model T Ford was the first major car built using “assembly line” technology, and the efficiencies that were seen from that allowed the car to be sold for $850 in 1908 (which, per in2013dollars.com, is equivalent to $27,421.46 in 2023—just over $27,000 in 2022.) Further efficiencies discovered over the life of production allowed for the price of the Model T to drop to $260 by 1925—about $4,400 today. It was replaced by the Model A in 1927.

An interesting Jeopardy! footnote: In general, business categories have famously tripped up several contestants over the years (including Ken Jennings himself). However, I’d be shocked if this tripped up a player of Yogesh’s caliber.


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Game Recap:

Jeopardy! Round:

(Categories: The Colors Of Science; Major League Baseball Teams; Circles, Squares & Dodecahedrons; Clichés Rephrase; Pure Bread; Dog Tales)

Katie had the best time of things on the buzzer in the opening round, getting 13 correct. However, it was Yogesh, courtesy of doubling up through the Daily Double, who led after 30 clues.

Statistics at the first break (15 clues):

Katie 6 correct 0 incorrect
Jimmy 4 correct 0 incorrect
Yogesh 4 correct 1 incorrect

Statistics after the Jeopardy round:

Yogesh 11 correct 1 incorrect
Katie 13 correct 0 incorrect
Jimmy 5 correct 1 incorrect

Double Jeopardy! Round:

(Categories: Small Town America & Canada; Royal History; Tattoos; Letters Of The Law; The Singer Who Played…; Short A)

Double Jeopardy! saw the battle continue—while Yogesh struggled on the signalling device, he still got to a Daily Double and increased his score by $5,000. However, Katie came charging back, and her $8,000 bet on a Daily Double saw her take the lead going into Final! Scores going into clue #61 were Katie at $25,600, Yogesh at $23,800, and Jimmy at $11,400.

Statistics after Double Jeopardy:

Katie 23 correct 0 incorrect
Yogesh 19 correct 1 incorrect
Jimmy 16 correct 3 incorrect
Total number of unplayed clues this season: 12 (0 today).

Final Jeopardy! today was a triple stumper, which usually would mean “advantage Yogesh”. But, Katie went for a small bet—and found herself with the highest score when all was said and done!

Tonight’s Game Stats:

Looking to find out who won Jeopardy! today? Here’s the Monday, January 16, 2023 Jeopardy! by the numbers:

Scores going into Final:

Katie $25,600
Yogesh $23,800
Jimmy $11,400

Tonight’s results:

Jimmy $11,400 – $11,400 = $0 (What are stocks gov. bond?)
Yogesh $23,800 – $999 = $22,801 (What are Treasury bonds?)
Katie $25,600 – $2,500 = $23,100 (What are cars?) (1-day total: $23,100)


Katie Palumbo, today's Jeopardy! winner (for the January 16, 2023 game.)


Scores after the Jeopardy! Round:

Yogesh $9,200
Katie $5,600
Jimmy $3,400


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Opening break taken after: 15 clues

Daily Double locations:

1) THE COLORS OF SCIENCE $1000 (clue #17)
Yogesh 3200 +3200 (Jimmy 2800 Katie 3800)
2) SMALL TOWN AMERICA & CANADA $2000 (clue #17)
Yogesh 17600 +5000 (Jimmy 9800 Katie 12800)
3) LETTERS OF THE LAW $1200 (clue #20, $5600 left on board)
Katie 16400 +8000 (Yogesh 22600 Jimmy 9800)
Overall Daily Double Efficiency for this game: 177

Clue Selection by Row, Before Daily Doubles Found:

J! Round:
Yogesh 5 4 4 5 4 5*
Jimmy 3 2 5 3
Katie 3 4 5 3 4 2 2

DJ! Round:
Yogesh 5 5 4 3 5* 5
Jimmy 4 3 5 3 2 3 4
Katie 4 5 3 4 2 4 3*

Average Row of Clue Selection, Before Daily Doubles Found:

Katie 3.43
Yogesh 4.50
Jimmy 3.36

Unplayed clues:

J! Round: None!
DJ! Round: None!
Total Left On Board: $0
Number of clues left unrevealed this season: 12 (0.13 per episode average), 0 Daily Doubles

Game Stats:

Katie $18,800 Coryat, 23 correct, 0 incorrect, 38.60% in first on buzzer (22/57), 0/0 on rebound attempts (on 4 rebound opportunities)
Yogesh $18,600 Coryat, 19 correct, 1 incorrect, 28.07% in first on buzzer (16/57), 2/2 on rebound attempts (on 3 rebound opportunities)
Jimmy $11,400 Coryat, 16 correct, 3 incorrect, 31.58% in first on buzzer (18/57), 1/1 on rebound attempts (on 1 rebound opportunity)
Combined Coryat Score: $48,800
Lach Trash: $1,600 (on 2 Triple Stumpers)
Coryat lost to incorrect responses (less double-correct responses): $3,600

Yogesh Raut, career statistics:

107 correct, 9 incorrect
7/8 on rebound attempts (on 13 rebound opportunities)
43.42% in first on buzzer (99/228)
5/5 on Daily Doubles (Net Earned: $20,200)
3/4 in Final Jeopardy
Average Coryat: $21,750

Jimmy Davoren, career statistics:

16 correct, 4 incorrect
1/1 on rebound attempts (on 1 rebound opportunity)
31.58% in first on buzzer (18/57)
0/0 on Daily Doubles
0/1 in Final Jeopardy
Average Coryat: $11,400

Katie Palumbo, career statistics:

23 correct, 1 incorrect
0/0 on rebound attempts (on 4 rebound opportunities)
38.60% in first on buzzer (22/57)
1/1 on Daily Doubles (Net Earned: $8,000)
0/1 in Final Jeopardy
Average Coryat: $18,800

Katie Palumbo, to win:

2 games: 76.542%
3: 58.587%
4: 44.844%
5: 34.324%
6: 26.272%
Avg. streak: 4.263 games.

Today’s interviews:

Katie got to appear in a production of “Moby Dick” at her museum.
Jimmy saved his dad’s wallet in the Prague metro.
Yogesh is very grateful for the late India Cooper.

Andy’s Thoughts:

  • Today’s New York Times, page C4, printed a different category name, and slightly amended clue as to what aired on the show today. I would like to make my extreme displeasure known at this unacceptable “bait-and-switch”. The New York Times Clue of the Day is meant to be a clue from the show, and this very clearly was not. Two thumbs down!
  • Unless, of course, this is the show admitting that today’s Final Jeopardy! was flawed in its initial wording—which means that Yogesh, as the player most affected by the wording (due to the wagering) should be returned to the show and be allowed to continue his run.
  • Today’s box score: January 16, 2023 Box Score.

Final Jeopardy! wagering suggestions:

(Scores: Katie $25,600 Yogesh $23,800 Jimmy $11,400)

Yogesh: If you limit your bet to $999, you can keep Jimmy locked out. However, that is susceptible to a small bet from Katie. (Actual bet: $999)

Jimmy: If Katie bets to cover Yogesh and is incorrect, she falls to $3,599. Limit your bet to $7,799. (Actual bet: $11,400)

Katie: Standard cover bet over Yogesh is $22,001. If you think Yogesh is going to bet to keep Jimmy locked out, limit your bet to $799. (Actual bet: $2,500)


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35 Comments on "Today’s Final Jeopardy – Monday, January 16, 2023"

  1. Michael Johnston | January 16, 2023 at 9:07 am | Reply

    I had to think about it for a bit as the category was pretty broad, but the year jogged a gear loose in my memory 🙂

  2. So I’m thinking “automobile” will not be accepted?

  3. Oh, no! My first guess and then I waffled and went with another manufacturer! Not a good start to the week.

    • Similar for me. I thought Jeopardy! was going more for the surprise aspect of ACTUAL price now vs equivalent price then/now and I said Cadillacs. I was surprised when I looked it up afterward and found I was not that far off — Cadillac cars were first produced in 1902 and sold for $850, the 1908 equivalent of $27,000 now. (However, Cadillacs sold for $1,400 in 1908, which is over $47,000 today.).

  4. My first and only guess was the Model T Ford!!!

  5. I think the “bait-and-switch” might have just been a case of the NYT printing the wrong clue. I’m pretty sure that’s happened before near the mid-point of 2021.

    Also, what are the odds of a 3-day champion with $96,403 making it to the Tournament of Champions?

    • The changes made were commensurate with “this is a slightly edited clue”, not “we published the wrong clue entirely”.

    • There were 3-day champions in the past that made it to the tournament. So expect to see Yogesh in the next TOC.

      Also I’m certainly not contestant worthy to be on this show, but to have a triple stumper with two responding with two saying Government/Treasury Bonds and the third replying with “car”. Hmmmm.

      • Yogesh and Jimmy were perhaps thinking of “at a price equivalent to about $27,000 today” more along the lines of “now worth $27,000” [as in, if you keep bonds you have bought, they become worth more over time], but I understood it (correctly) as meaning due to the changing value of $1 due to inflation.

        And I think maybe Katie only put cars instead of being more specific [though, admittedly by being more specific she could have picked the wrong cars] because she interpreted it saying “these” as being intentionally general rather than the usual “this” as implying more specificity.

        • I have now read the New York Times Clue of the Day and realize that what I commented sounds like I agree that the supposed New York Times Clue of the Day “this was” version is an improved version of Jeopardy’s actual “these were” version. However, I actually disagree. I feel like “this” implies a single unique item, such as the Hope diamond (which of course was worth FAR more than that in 1908 [was sold twice in 1901], but is still an example of a single unique item). Some famous painting might perhaps fit, though it would be highly unlikely for someone to know it. [For example, in 1908 Georgia O’Keeffe won a summer scholarship for a painting but I can find no information about it selling AT THAT TIME.] I just believe a contestant could THINK “this” implies a single specific item like an art object or formerly-inherited historical object and just assume that it happens to be something they do not know about instead of it not being the intended meaning of the clue at all. Therefore, I actually think “these” is better.

          • Katerina E. | January 16, 2023 at 7:44 pm |

            I would tend to agree with your interpretation on the grammar of the clue. “This” would imply singular in my mind, while “these” would imply multiples. I wouldn’t call Oreos “this cookie”, for example. And I don’t know what the category given in the Times was, but Business Milestones, as given on the show, would have (and did) steer me away from anything public-sector related. Add in that the government bonds were first issues in the Netherlands in the 16th century, and the first US Treasury bonds were issued in 1917 to fund World War I, but the first government bonds in the US were issued to fund the Revolution, and neither of those fit the clue. For me, the wording was perfectly clear, and I had the correct answer within 3 seconds of reading it.

  6. Did not remember the Model A came long after the Model T. Really surprised by the three responses, and they were all much further away than I was.

  7. Who else is excited for the J.I.T.??? Also I’m loving that we will get to see James and the others 10 times on the masters tournament.

  8. I expect Yogesh in the TOC since he got 96k. My first and only car I got was the model t. Henry Ford was the famous inventor of Ford automobiles

    • Still, I’m pretty sure at this point 3-day champions are only invited if one of the original lineup is unable to participate for whatever reason. (Though if there’s only 10 months left for the lineup to be filled with 4-game champions, then maybe…)

  9. Knew it had to be a car of some kind, but didn’t have the time/energy to think of the specific make and model. The hindsight bias was heavy for me on this one.

    • I agree with you, but interestingly enough, Sears began selling their Sears Craftsman kit homes in 1908 and the price of some of them would fit the “about $27,000 today”. However, the fact that they started off immediately with multiple house choices at multiple price points would make a single kind of car fit the clue better.

  10. What was wrong with the wording of the clue?

    • I mean, clearly the show thought there was a problem with the wording and the category as aired—after all, the NYT this morning said the category was BUSINESS & INDUSTRY and that the clue opened with “This was” and not “These were”…

      • I assume that Jeopardy! would not supply the information to the NYT way ahead of time, but they could have prepared the information way ahead of time to be doled out closer to each episode airing, then changed their mind about the exact wording they were going to use on this FJ!, but SOMEONE FORGOT to change the waiting NYT info.

        • This seems far more likely to me. And I would hope that if Jeopardy thought they made a mistake, they would correct it in a more forthright manner.

          Personally, I think the clue as aired was fine. I suspect it would have a been a bit less likely to be a triple stumper if they’d use the “Business and Industry” category, though.

  11. I think Yogesh needed to go bigger on the second Daily Double. It was abundantly clear at that point that Katie had his number on the buzzer. Although, it might not have mattered in the end if he bet to cover from a leading position in FJ. This is intended to be tactical analysis, not criticism. As usual, I’m amazed at how well these contestants perform under immense pressure.

    Congrats to the new champ. Well-deserved.

  12. Exciting game. I did not expect everyone to miss FJ. I also was surprised by Katie’s small FJ wager. But it worked out for her. Congrats to Katie for dethroning Yogesh. She had the highest first on buzzer percentage and she had no misses other than FJ, so she is a deserving winner.

    Yogesh clearly is a strong player. He also had challenging opposition every day. In his 4 days on the show, the total number of correct responses (excluding FJ) were 57/60, 60/60, 54/60, and 58/60. Those are high numbers.

  13. So often on this board when it comes to wagering in final, it’s easy to throw shade. We look at contestants’ wagers, and scratch our heads sometimes. But how often do we have a situation where it’s like incredibly complex and interesting, beyond the standard basics? This feels like one of those occasions. Omitting the third place player for a second, or assuming that he’ll bet it all even though the “right bet” is to cap at 7799, but forgetting that for a second, I think the wagering is much more interesting here than it seems. First off, Yogesh should cap at 999 sure to lock Jimmy out. But should he? First off, why 999 and not zero? In huge spots like these in tournaments, I’ve seen Brad Rutter and Ken Jennings just bet zero. They know they can’t win if the player in first gets it right, so why bet anything if there’s nothing to gain? I think in this case, the outcome would have proved my point. Also Katie’s bet seems high since if Yogesh should cap to 999, she should cap to 799. But wait a second, that’s where this gets very interesting and someone more sophisticated on game theory and probability than I should chime in. Yogesh should cap to 999, but when you start thinking about the question dynamically, I’m not so sure. If he thinks Katie will cap to 799, he should potentially bet enough to beat her by 1 dollar if they both get it right. Sure that risks letting third place in, i.e. not locking him out, but isn’t that a chance Yogesh should take? That only becomes relevant if Yogesh gets it wrong, as does Katie, but Jimmy gets it right. This could go in many many permutations, but I would posit and someone please tell me I’m way off base here that the correct bets if you factor in probabilities of triple get, triple stump, etc. is that Yogesh bets something like 2600 and Katie bets 1799. Now Katie wins if Yogesh bets zero regardless of who gets it right. But Yogesh wins if they both get it right and Katie capped to 799. Obviously the permutations can get more complicated b/c if Katie knows that Yogesh knows this, she could bet more, as could Yogesh. Arguably Yogesh could bet up to 4600 to still win if Jimmy is betting game theoretically optimally, and then Katie could adjust. And on and on it goes. The point is when it comes to standard betting strategies, when it involves good players who also have to factor in probabilities of getting it right for themselves and others, the “math” can become A LOT more complex in terms of trying to bet optimally. Again, would really appreciate a much savvier person explaining to me why I’m way off, or if I’m on the right track, but there are other considerations to think about.

    • If I am ever on Jeopardy and am leading going into Final Jeopardy, I’m wagering to cover because I’m not going home having been in the lead and gotten the FJ correct. And if I’m second, I’m wagering that the leader would do the same unless I’d seen them play already and they weren’t wagering to cover – and then I still might.

      • Yes, that is true. Once Yogesh decided he wasn’t going to let Jimmy catch him then he probably should have just stuck at 0. But it seems like Katie should have done the same thing once she decided that she wasn’t going to cover., bet 0 and assume that Yogesh wouldn’t bet enough to cover her even if he got it right and she got it wrong.

        I am with you, if I am in the lead and get FJ right, I am going to go for the win. This was an interesting test case, though.

  14. I’m surprised it was a triple stumper, but if it’s a category that keeps tripping up contestants, it would behoove contestants to study it.

  15. My response for this game’s Final Jeopardy was baseball cards. Obviously wrong because the first cards were included with a pack of cigarettes (I believe,) and, thinking it over,don’t think a pack would cost about $27k in today’s money.
    When Ken gave the explanation why Kate’s response was judged wrong, didn’t understand. Reading Andy’s explanation of the clue itself, finally got it.

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