Warning: This page contains spoilers for the November 16, 2022, game of Jeopardy! — please do not scroll down if you wish to avoid being spoiled. Please note that the game airs as early as noon Eastern in some U.S. television markets.
Here’s today’s Final Jeopardy (in the category The New Testament) for Wednesday, November 16, 2022 (Season 39, Game 48):
Paul’s letter to them is the New Testament epistle with the most Old Testament quotations
(correct response beneath the contestants)
Today’s Jeopardy! contestants:
|Sam Buttrey, an associate professor of operations research at the Naval Postgraduate School from Pacific Grove, California
|Andrew He, a software developer from San Francisco, California
|Amy Schneider, a writer from Oakland, California
Andy’s Pregame Thoughts:
In all three meetings between Amy Schneider and Andrew He, Andrew He has led going into Final Jeopardy. However, in two of those meetings, Amy Schneider has come out as the victor. Andrew’s stronger strategy over the first two rounds—namely, being better at both finding and taking advantage of the Daily Doubles—has resulted in having the upper hand twice. One thing to consider: there was an overnight taping break in between Game 2 and Game 3 of this series; will Amy have adapted her strategy as we go into Game 3? Or, will she feel that her current strategy is working? Amy has been dominating on the signaling device and Andrew is only in this series because of the Daily Doubles. If Amy and Sam stop selecting top-row clues and start an all-out hunt for the Daily Doubles, this might be a different series going forward, because starving Andrew of those big-money opportunities is the best way to keep him from winning.
I should also point out that I come at this from a perspective of hoping that all the players play their best game possible, and I feel disappointed when I don’t see that happen.
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Correct response: Who are Hebrews (as per the show)?
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There are a couple of problems with this clue: I can’t tell whether the intended correct response is “Romans” or “Hebrews”. Firstly, I have found conflicting sources as to whether Romans or Hebrews contains more quotations. Secondly, there’s the more pressing question of authorship—specifically of Hebrews. There’s no dispute that Paul wrote Romans. While Ken’s church—the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints—claims Paul wrote Hebrews, this is certainly disputed—even a clue by the show from June 2021 says that Barnabas has sometimes been credited with authorship—and even Britannica itself says it is “now widely believed to be the work of another Jewish Christian”.
These combined problems make this clue completely inappropriate for a Tournament of Champions final. The show needs to improve—all this will do is cause unnecessary angst online, especially amongst Biblical scholars.
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(Categories: A Bouquet Of Flowers; American History; Better Call Saul; Rappers Who Act; Beastly Book Titles; Making An Assonance Of Yourself)
Amy had control of the board for most of the opening of today’s game, but it was Andrew who found the Daily Double—because he was searching for it. Andrew led after 15 clues, but all three players stayed very close—Amy and Andrew were tied at $3,800, with Sam just $200 behind going into Double Jeopardy.
Statistics at the first break (15 clues):
Andrew 4 correct 1 incorrect
Amy 4 correct 1 incorrect
Sam 2 correct 0 incorrect
Statistics after the Jeopardy round:
Andrew 8 correct 1 incorrect
Amy 9 correct 1 incorrect
Sam 7 correct 0 incorrect
Double Jeopardy! Round:
(Categories: 4 Weddings & A Funeral; Opera Characters; Compound Words; Cold Around The Globe; Heard In The Movie; Spelementary)
The hunting happened, and I am happy. Unfortunately, the Daily Doubles still worked out better for Andrew. Amy dropped $5,000 on hers, whereas Andrew pulled back significantly to Sam by doubling up through his! Sam had zero unforced errors today, though, and this led to our professor leading going into Final with $14,800; Andrew had $13,200 and Amy $2,400.
Statistics after Double Jeopardy:
Sam 18 correct 0 incorrect
Andrew 15 correct 3 incorrect
Amy 15 correct 4 incorrect
Total number of unplayed clues this season: 12 (0 today).
Controversy will abound as Sam’s response was not accepted, in spite of potential evidence that it maybe should have been. As a result, Andrew has been awarded a crucial second victory towards the championship; Game 4 is tomorrow!
Tonight’s Game Stats:
Looking to find out who won Jeopardy! today? Here’s the Wednesday, November 16, 2022 Jeopardy! by the numbers:
Scores going into Final:
Amy $2,400 + $1,000 = $3,400 (Who are the Hebrews?) (1 win)
Andrew $13,200 – $3,201 = $9,999 (Who are Philippiaes?) (2 wins)
Sam $14,800 – $11,601 = $3,199 (Who are the Romans?) (0 wins)
Scores after the Jeopardy! Round:
Opening break taken after: 15 clues
Daily Double locations:
1) AMERICAN HISTORY $1000 (clue #11)
Andrew 400 +1000 (Amy 2000 Sam 200)
2) COMPOUND WORDS $2000 (clue #6)
Amy 5800 -5000 (Andrew 5000 Sam 5200)
3) 4 WEDDINGS & A FUNERAL $800 (clue #20, $5600 left on board)
Andrew 5800 +5800 (Amy 1600 Sam 12400)
Overall Daily Double Efficiency for this game: 114
Average Row of Clue Selection, Before Daily Doubles Found:
J! Round: None!
DJ! Round: None!
Total Left On Board: $0
Number of clues left unrevealed this season: 12 (0.25 per episode average), 0 Daily Doubles
Andrew $8,200 Coryat, 15 correct, 3 incorrect, 28.07% in first on buzzer (16/57), 0/0 on rebound attempts (on 2 rebound opportunities)
Amy $7,400 Coryat, 15 correct, 4 incorrect, 29.82% in first on buzzer (17/57), 0/1 on rebound attempts (on 3 rebound opportunities)
Sam $14,800 Coryat, 18 correct, 0 incorrect, 29.82% in first on buzzer (17/57), 1/1 on rebound attempts (on 5 rebound opportunities)
Combined Coryat Score: $30,400
Lach Trash: $12,800 (on 11 Triple Stumpers)
Coryat lost to incorrect responses (less double-correct responses): $10,800
Amy Schneider, career statistics:
1434 correct, 95 incorrect
67/82 on rebound attempts (on 178 rebound opportunities)
50.57% in first on buzzer (1321/2612)
69/80 on Daily Doubles (Net Earned: $214,200)
30/46 in Final Jeopardy
Average Coryat: $25,422
Andrew He, career statistics:
254 correct, 35 incorrect
15/17 on rebound attempts (on 38 rebound opportunities)
38.12% in first on buzzer (239/627)
17/22 on Daily Doubles (Net Earned: $87,800)
4/11 in Final Jeopardy
Average Coryat: $18,018
Sam Buttrey, career statistics:
211 correct, 20 incorrect
12/14 on rebound attempts (on 36 rebound opportunities)
39.18% in first on buzzer (201/513)
5/7 on Daily Doubles (Net Earned: $4,600)
5/9 in Final Jeopardy
Average Coryat: $17,667
Remaining Players’ Tournament of Champions Chances (after 100,000 Simulations)
Chances of 4 games: 37.157%
Chances of 5 games: 38.069%
Chances of 6 games: 17.841%
Chances of 7 games: 6.933%
Sam went skydiving for a friend’s bachelor party.
Andrew received feedback that he was “visibly aging” from his mother after his shows.
Amy was at the White House Correspondents’ Dinner.
- As highlighted above, I believe Sam has a significant protest case, and I don’t know how the show can rectify it. The fact that the show claims the epistle was written by Paul when most Biblical scholars now believe he didn’t, means that, at best, I believe this was a Final Jeopardy! clue with no correct response—an untenable situation considering the stakes of this match.
- Today’s box score: November 16, 2022 Box Score.
Final Jeopardy! wagering suggestions:
(Scores: Sam $14,800 Andrew $13,200 Amy $2,400)
Amy: If Sam covers Andrew and is incorrect, he falls to $3,199. Thus, you need to bet at least $801 to have the best chance of winning. (Actual bet: $1,000)
Andrew: Bet between $3,201 (covering Sam’s very small range) and $8,399 (thereby keeping Amy locked out). (Actual bet: $3,201)
Sam: Standard cover bet over Andrew is $11,601. (Actual bet: $11,601)
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First thing that popped into my head was Ephesians.
I thought Corinthians.
Now that I think about it, the “Old Testament” snip in the clue is probably a lead towards the Torah, and therefore, Hebrews.
Maybe🤷 That would be typical of the extra clue “vectors” they like to toss in.
The author of Hebrews has always been unknown, to say this epistle is written be Paul is misleading
First thing that popped into my head was Thessalonians. I’m guessing it was just because I assumed the writers would have picked something kind of weird.
Sorry, I thought I had clicked on the ‘Reply’ button for Michael R’s first post.
I also believe that because the authorship of Hebrews is not 100% clear, the question could have been phrased differently, leaving out the attributed author altogether.
Terribly misleading clue – no New Testament scholar today believes that Paul wrote Hebrews. I can’t believe this made it past the fact checkers.
ack! I have to wait to find out if I’m wrong again?
mebs, my subtext got cut off ;p
I guessed Hebrews, and am hoping the contested authorship doesn’t disqualify it.
The clue is insufficiently pinned, in my opinion; the best-case scenario for the show is that there’s a double runaway, and this Final purely becomes an academic debate for the viewers at home.
Well I got the sought for solution, so that’s good, but I sure hope this doesn’t become a big deal 😕
The only outcome that can save this situation is if all 3 finalists guess the same answer and are either right or wrong.
well, that doesn’t quite solve it – if it were a situation like yesterday, you’d have a different winner if all were correct as opposed to all were incorrect.
Aside from the disputed authorship of Hebrews, I just found it interesting, only looking at the sources that Andy linked, that there is such a disparity on the numbers! The first source has the count as Romans 58, Hebrews 42 and the second has Hebrews 86, Romans 74!
I don’t normally track this sort of thing but if the answer is indeed Romans then I have a 1-game streak going after missing just about every other Final in this tournament 🙂
I wonder if the difference could be if one source counts even just repeated phrases and the other only counts whole statements. Or perhaps some quotations are repeated again and one source only counts them once and another counts them each time.
You are correct, Patrick, but I don’t see how it can be corrected.
There’s an entire chapter of Hebrews that names a lot of the main people from the Old Testatment with brief descriptors of their stories, but to me that’s not the same thing as quotes from the Old Testament. Romans also has a few places where Abraham is named but it’s not really a quote. So I suspect that’s where the different numbers come in your sources: was it a quote from the Old Testament or a reference to something in the Old Testament?
I don’t know of any scholar who believes that Paul wrote Hebrews. The vocabulary and sentence structure of the Greek are just too far removed for there to be any doubt. The only people who hold to Paul as the author of Hebrews are the strict literalists who seem to think that if there was some point in the past where people believed this was the author, then this MUST be the author.
i thought Romans while Hebrews is in doubt. I feel the writing style lends to Paul. I do not share the same denomination as Ken
I agree it’s badly written.
There are very few authoritative voices that say Paul wrote Hebrews, so I hope the J Crew doesn’t give this as the answer.
Regarding Romans – you can find people who would say someone other than Paul, but it’s almost universal among Biblical scholarship that Paul is the author of Romans. You could find exceptions – but in the same way you’d find exceptions to most medical views.
I also agree with John Hensgen – If you read Romans in the original language of Greek, it’s very obviously Paul’s style of writing and logic.
Andy, what do you think will happen? The fact that the game aired as is means Jeopardy does not understand it has a problem, correct? Because they’ve had plenty of time to address the problem in one way or other, had they chosen to, as these games were taped roughly two months ago.
So I assume they don’t know they have a problem. How in the world could they possibly straighten it out now? You can’t go back in time now, reset the win counter to one apiece, and proceed.
What do you think they will do?
I’m really not sure what they’ll do—they may hope it all blows over. Sports leagues certainly have had their share of bad calls by the officials over the course of history.
Have ALL the ToC shows already been recorded? Perhaps they waited until all had been filmed in hopes that the final winner would have won regardless of which way this went — and it did come out that way, so they left this alone.
For that to happen
1-Andrew must be shut out in remaining 4 games
2-Sam must win 3 of last 4 games
Amy must win 2 of last 4 games
All the resources that I can find list Romans with more
direct quotes from the Old Testament than Hebrews .
This would make Sam the real winner today. Very unfortunate
for a TOC game. In addition it is very doubtful if Paul wrote
All I can think of was the hebrews, I’ve been studying with the bible group abou t those guys in the new testament. I found it interesting because ever since i was baptized and going to church as often as necessary, I’ve been thinking about learning more on the hebrew history.
I agree that this was a terrible clue, specially for a ToC game!! During the 30 seconds I kept thinking, “They better not say Hebrews, because no one is sure who wrote it!” Sam should have won this game today. He was the best player.
I’m sorry, but Sam has misread the clue.
If one knows that the Epistle to the Hebrews is the New Testament epistle with the most Old Testament quotations, using its traditionally attributive title in the clue, whatever is the current consensus wrt its authorship, should not change the answer, as the clue wording is non-restrictive.
Had it been “This Paul’s epistle has the most Old Testament quotations”, arguing that the correct answer is To the Romans could have been more justified.
With all due respect, I think you’re wrong.
Firstly: is Hebrews even the epistle with the most quotations? Even that part of the clue is disputed.
Secondly: Saying it’s Paul’s letter 100% attributes authorship to him, and that is also definitely disputed.
What I’m saying is that I can take the producers’ side without much difficulty.
Let’s see in the coming days, along which lines the producers are going to justify their decision, if it comes to them having to justify it publicly.
It is certainly possible that the powers that be are learning, only today and only as a result of Andy’s excellent sleuthing, that there is potential trouble in River City. They presumably can’t change today’s show, since it has already hit the airwaves, but they could certainly suspend the rest of the tournament, change today’s result and retape the next games of the tournament on that basis. Yes, a total mess, but “fair”, at least to me. The regular shows are already in the can and can be accelerated. These are only the views of one guy who isn’t in the trenches dealing with this potential mess and the associated costs and challenges.
Quotations? No, absolutely not.
References to people and stories from the Old Testament? Probably.
But the way the clue was written, Paul as the author is an essential element and no Biblical scholar would say that Paul is the author of Hebrews. That would sort of be like saying that the person who wrote Shakespeare’s plays also wrote the script for a movie. You can tell by the vocabulary and sentence structure of the original Greek that Hebrews was not written by the same person as any of the other epistles in the New Testament.
On a different topic — it looks to me like if Amy had “followed my suggestion” [yes, I know the airings and the comments are well after the actual ToC games were played] of trying to get to a DD before Andrew (which she did) but betting low (like just $100, not $5,000), she would have had a real chance to win this game. I know it cannot be said for sure since different totals at the end of DJ! would have affected their actual FJ! betting, but it looks likely to me. [Ignoring the “correct or not?” problem.]
Given that this clue made it to air the way it is, says something about the production values, at least for this episode. I have not seen the show yet to see if Sam actually had a vocal protest on air or not, but the producers could have easily scrubbed the final segment, and submitted a new clue, with possibly allowing the contestants to adjust their wagers, or they could have submitted a whole new category and clue for Final. Believe me, it is hard to tell where edits have occurred during taping; I believe I was on stage for not one, but two, edits where the recording was stopped, the board was reset and a new clue was inserted, and I had a tough time remembering where they were when i watched the shows in broadcast.
The recent Finals clues have been good, and expectedly tougher for this level of play. I am surprised that the production crew allowed a clue with such an arguable, and ambiguous, response to make it into Final, especially in the Finals of a Tournament like this. While they may not take away Andrew’s win, it might be equitable to give Sam credit for a win as well.
It will be interesting to see if this is at all addressed in the next game.
Having done my due diligence as a student at a very large, popular seminary, I can absolutely protest to this clue. The ONLY way that this clue could in any way, shape, or form be seen as correct is if the writers had somehow attributed this to The King James Version. The KJV credits Paul as the author. Modern translations and the original Greek do not. Scholars are correct that they author of Hebrews is anonymous. The Greek wording differs from Paul’s style, but is relatively similar to Luke’s. There’s a thousand possibilities. Also, the only way that Hebrews quotes the OT more is because it quotes the same verse multiple times. By my count, Romans is the correct answer, but I’m only a Bible Scholar–what do I know? Sad for Sam.
If I may ask, where does the KJV credit Paul? I could not find that credit earlier.
Andy, it is in the title of the letter: “The Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Hebrews.” Now, I realize that is not actually part of the Scripture and may have been added for reader’s purpose, but it is labeled that way on every King James Version I know of.
When you say “Unfortunately, the Daily Doubles still worked out better for Andrew”, do you say that in a tone of wanting Amy to succeed, or in a tone of not wanting Andrew to?
(I’m not accusing you of favoritism or anything like that. I just have an awful time decoding what sentences imply on the internet, and this is no exception.)
Apologies — I say that in a tone of wanting Amy to succeed.
So, maybe, there should be a Second Chance Tournament for contestants who were inappropriately denied a victory in the Tournament of Champions. If there were such a Second Chance Tournament, Sam would certainly qualify based on today’s episode.
Having taught the International Class at my church as well as a class called “Through the Bible in One Year,” in my opinion, Sam should have been the winner of today’s game as his response was the closest to being correct. This clue should never have been included as there is no definitive correct answer as several have pointed out in their earlier comments. Romans was clearly written by Paul and should have been ruled as correct. Hebrews not so much. There is too much evidence to the contrary to definitively consider Paul as the author. In addition, there is the controversy as to the number of quotes in each book as our seminary student pointed out.
In my opinion, Sam deserves some sort of reparation for this ruling. If not a second chance, I like the idea of awarding him a win as well as someone earlier suggested.
In the meantime, congratulations to Andrew on a second win.
Musing… Is it possible the show could announce a different ruling at the beginning of tomorrow’s show, or it it already too late for that?
That’s certainly possible. But you’d think if they took that route, they’d have retaped this ending.
Bible scholar checking in.
I’ll have more to say in another forum, but for Jeopardy purposes I’ll just say here that Andy is entirely correct, and for many more reasons than he lists here. This is a terrible clue, and a terrible spot for the show to put itself in. I don’t know what rectifying this bad of an error would even look like.
So disappointing as we were rooting for Sam, who would have won if Romans was accepted. My husband and I had the exact same discussion as Andy gives—and we also checked Brittanica. 😊 This does seem unacceptable for such a high-stakes Final. All the more disappointing since the tournament has been awesome up to this point!
A bad FJ clue. Sam has just cause to protest. Some remedial action is needed to set things straight.
Most theologians would dispute that Paul is the author of Hebrews – he may be but it has never, ever to my knowledge been widely accepted. Hebrews is the only book in the Bible for authorship to be in question (I think). Jeopardy owes it to the players to correct this error. Seems that the writers don’t have a lot of biblical knowledge – this is really an unexcusable error.
There actually are quite a few books in the Bible that have unknown or disputed authors – all the more reason for the Jeopardy clue writers to be very careful when referring to Biblical authors.
Andy, there should be a Hall of Shame archive on your site of all the bad calls, non-calls, host errors, and poorly written clues, occurring just in the post-Covid era. I know that “Berry/Barry” was in Sep. 2020, and that might have marked the beginning of this ridiculousness, but that’s just my memory, I’m sure I’m missing something from earlier.
Editorially, I think a running catalog would turn this place into too much like The Sun.
I checked the internet and and found a publication from Stephen Voorwinde who claims that Romans has 63 quotes while Hebrews has 40 ifd he is right the Sam Buttrey should have won!
I think Final Jeopardy should be re-played, because Sam should have won! I suppose that isn’t possible, though since the games are taped ahead of time. It just doesn’t seem fair.
Jeopardy got it wrong! There is no Biblical proof that Paul wrote the book of Hebrews. Scholars have debated the issue for years and no one can prove Paul wrote it.
Do we know how many cases of a protest happening and being successful are? I guess being a tournament it’s a little harder to rectify. Maybe put Sam in next years TOC as well?
With all three scores so close near the end of the 1st round, I wondered if one of the players (specifically Andrew) might try to DELIBERATELY miss a $200 question to ensure they would pick 1st in the DJ round (to try and snipe a Daily Double)
Quite an unusual tactic but certainly worth considering…
I think it really does sound like a good idea, but not sure that it would be worth the embarrassment of getting a $200 clue wrong, much less if you then got your DD wrong 😒.
Sam may not have had any unforced errors in the classic sense, but I do think he made a rookie mistake late in the DJ round that may have cost him the game. Sam controlled the board when the only clues left were the $400 and $800 ones. The second DD had not been found, but Sam went to the Compound Words category where the first DD had been. Andrew got it and on the very next clue hit the second DD. Had Sam gone elsewhere, he may not have chosen the clue with the DD, but he didn’t even give himself a chance.
Thanks for linking to my site as a source putting Romans higher than Hebrews. The reason for the discrepancy between my list (with Romans higher) and blueletterbible (with Hebrews higher) is because I counted only direct quotations or citations of the Old Testament. Blue Letter Bible counts both quotations and allusions.
I left allusions out of consideration because so many of them are disputed and not at all clear. (For example, every time someone uses the phrase “we the people” in common language, are they always self-consciously alluding to the US Constitution?) But direct citations are clear and verifiable.
So, according to the wording of the Final Jeopardy clue (“most quotations”), the correct answer should be Romans, regardless of the dispute over whether Paul wrote Hebrews (which most modern scholars believe he did not). I agree it was not a responsible clue.
Ha! Ha! I totally agree with you about the Bible facts and opinions, but I feel like every time someone says “we the people” they ARE self-consciously (and/or overtly and/or intentionally) alluding to the US Constitution.
I guessed Corinthians . . .
Jeopardy likes to use the King James Version for Bible quote questions. The original KJV title above Hebrews called it “The Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Hebrews” so I’m guessing that’s what they went by. However there is no excuse for them to not research and realize that most modern translations and scholars do not attribute it to Paul and that’s widely known among those with Bible knowledge.
I think Jeopardy owes its viewership a response before it wastes another minute watching any further episodes.
As unsatisfactory as it is to many of us, in football alone, there are the Franco Harris “immaculate reception” and the Tom Brady “tuck rule” game where a likely incorrect official call swung the game. I feel bad for Sam as he played a solid game.
It is true that the king James Version of the Bible includes Paul in the title, but I still have misgivings about the clue. Sometimes Internet newspapers such as Cnn or Msn write about a “Jeopardy controversy” within a few days after it airs. I will be curious if anything is written about this game.
Older King James Versions may have “The Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Hebrews” in the title, but most KJV’s sold in the last 30 years or so do not have that. Those say the authorship is disputed. I checked 2 KJV’s I have, along with 6 other versions I have. None say Paul is the author. As mentioned by many above, most credible bible scholars say the author is unknown. I know Ken is LDS and the LDS church believes Paul wrote Hebrews, but whoever does the fact checking, background checking, etc., should have done better, more competent research.
Dear Fellow Show Fans,
You have no idea how glad I am to see that so many people are speaking out about this Final Jeopardy response. I’ve been a Biblical educator for years, and when I saw the response, I called a friend and… well… I basically went off about it. Like so many others have mentioned here, we don’t definitively know who authored the book of Hebrews. In every single one of the other “Pauline” Epistles, Paul clearly identifies himself as the writer.
In addition, the books of the Bible are arranged categorically. As stated before, the books written by Paul are often referred to as the “Pauline Epistles”. And even those are broken down into two sub-categories. Paul’s Church Epistles: Romans, 1st and 2nd Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, and 1st and 2nd Thessalonians. Then Paul’s Personal Epistles: 1st and 2nd Timothy, Titus and Philemon. The book of Hebrews begins the category known as the “General” Epistles: Hebrews; James; 1st and 2nd Peter; 1st, 2nd, and 3rd John; and Jude.
I REALLY hope Jeopardy addresses this error, and awards the game to Sam; which would make the TOC Finals much more interesting, with all contestants having earned one win to their credit.