Today’s Final Jeopardy – April 30, 2019

Here’s today’s Final Jeopardy (in the category European Cities) for Tuesday, April 30, 2019 (Season 35, Episode 167):

Founded, according to tradition, in 11 B.C., this former capital lies about halfway between Paris & Berlin

(correct response beneath the contestants)

Today’s contestants:

Libby Wood, a marketing writer from Seattle, Washington
Libby Wood on Jeopardy!
Jason Lai, a financial risk consultant from Duluth, Georgia
Jason Lai on Jeopardy!
James Holzhauer, a professional sports gambler from Las Vegas, Nevada (18-day total: $1,329,600)
James Holzhauer on Jeopardy!

James has cemented his spot in the next Tournament of Champions. Our ToC Tracker shows who else is in the field.

If you’re curious to see how James’ stats so far shape up to those of Ken Jennings, you can find them at A James Holzhauer vs. Ken Jennings Statistical Comparison.

James has reached 600 correct responses on the show, becoming one of only three players in the history of Jeopardy! to reach that milestone! See who else has done so on our 300 Club page!

Did you write any of the online tests earlier this month? You can find last week’s questions and answers here!

The Jeopardy! Book of Answers is out now! Here’s my review.

Are you going on the show and looking for information about how to bet in Final Jeopardy? Check out my new Betting Strategy 101 page!

I recently updated my tournament wild card models with as much tournament data that I’ve been able to find! If you’re playing in a tournament, you’ll want to check this out!


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Correct response: What is Bonn?

Did you know that you can now find game-by-game stats of everyone, including James, who has won 10 or more games on Jeopardy!, here on the site?

More information about Final Jeopardy:

Originally founded as a Roman settlement on the banks of the Rhine in the last first century B.C., Bonn, Germany served as the capital of West Germany from 1949 to 1990. It served as seat of government of a reunified Germany until 1999, and while no longer the capital of Germany, nearly 50% of German federal officials remain in Bonn.

Since Alex Trebek’s diagnosis of stage 4 pancreatic cancer, many community members have been raising money. The Jeopardy! Fan Online Store is as well! All proceeds from any “Keep The Faith And We’ll Win” shirt sold will be donated to the Pancreatic Cancer Action Network. To date, over $290 has been raised.)

Looking to find out who won Jeopardy! today? Tonight’s results are below!

Scores going into Final:
James $56,726
Libby $7,400
Jason $6,400

Tonight’s results:
Jason $6,400 – $1,001 = $5,399 (What is Bern?)
Libby $7,400 – $5,401 = $1,999 (What is congrats to James)
James $56,726 + $40,000 = $96,726 (19-day total: $1,426,330)

James Holzhauer, today's Jeopardy! winner (for the April 30, 2019 game.)

Scores after the Jeopardy! Round:
James $12,600
Libby $3,000
Jason $1,200


Opening break taken after: 15 clues

Daily Double locations:
1) BROOKLYN $1000 (1st pick)
James 0 +1000 (Jason 0 Libby 0)
2) LESSER-KNOWN NAMES $1200 (5th pick)
James 19400 +11914 (Libby 3000 Jason 1200)
3) STAGE CRAFT $1600 (11th pick)
James 36114 +9812 (Libby 3000 Jason 2800)
Overall Daily Double Efficiency for this game: 189

Unplayed clues:
J! round: None!
DJ! Round: None!
Total $ Left On Board: $0

Game Stats:
James $37,800 Coryat, 43 correct, 0 incorrect, 70.18% in first on buzzer
Jason $6,400 Coryat, 6 correct, 1 incorrect, 12.28% in first on buzzer
Libby $7,400 Coryat, 8 correct, 0 incorrect, 14.04% in first on buzzer
Combined Coryat Score: $51,600
Lach Trash: $2,000 (on 3 Triple Stumpers)
Coryat lost to incorrect responses (less double-correct responses): $400

James Holzhauer, stats to date:
680 correct, 23 incorrect
20/22 on rebound attempts (on 44 rebound opportunities)
57.66% in first on buzzer (617/1070)
41/45 on Daily Doubles (Net Earned: $400,325)
18/19 in Final Jeopardy
Average Coryat: $30,000

James Holzhauer, to win:
20 games: 97.121%
21: 94.325%
22: 91.609%
23: 88.972%
24: 86.410%
75: 19.477%
Avg. streak: 52.734 games.
(This is using the updated model.)


Tournament of Champions projections:
With a projected 83 regular-play games to go prior to the Tournament of Champions cutoff, after 500,000 simulations, our model shows:

James Holzhauer qualified 100.000% of the time.
Eric R. Backes qualified 92.818% of the time.
Anneke Garcia qualified 75.056% of the time.
Lindsey Shultz qualified 44.204% of the time.
Dave Leffler qualified 17.898% of the time.
Jonathan Dinerstein qualified 8.851% of the time.

Andy’s Thoughts:

  • James has equalled David Madden’s 19 wins for the 3rd-longest win streak on Jeopardy!.
  • $96,726 is the 5th-highest one-day total of all time. James now holds the top 9 one-day totals of all time and 11 of the top 13.
  • This is only the second time (at least per games in J! Archive) in which the Daily Double has been found on the first clue in consecutive games. The other player to do so was Jon Eisenman on July 3-4, 2017.
  • This is the 13th consecutive game in which James has given a correct response to Final Jeopardy. This breaks the record of 12 consecutive, jointly held by Tom Cubbage and Ben Ingram. (Tom’s streak is still ongoing, in case he ever makes another return to the show in a supertournament.)
  • James’ 44 correct respones (including Final Jeopardy) in this game without being incorrect breaks his record of 41 set April 17. His 44 correct is also 1 short of the known record (45), set July 23, 2004 by Ken Jennings.
  • James’ Coryat score of $37,800 is the 2nd-highest of all time; the record still belongs to Ken Jennings, who had a Coryat score of $39,200 on June 10, 2004.
  • The prediction model gives James a 64.520% chance of surpassing Ken Jennings’ winnings total of $2,520,700.
  • James is nearing Ken Jennings’ career record in terms of “Net Earned on Daily Doubles”; Ken has earned a net $454,399 on his 173 Daily Doubles.
  • In his 4 games airing on Tuesdays, James has averaged winnings of $108,159.25.
  • Thanks to Bob Chang for suggesting this: tonight’s Combined Coryat score of $51,600 ties the December 23, 2009 game as the highest on record.

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35 Comments on "Today’s Final Jeopardy – April 30, 2019"

  1. I don’t think chamber of commerce is a capital. Lol

  2. Burt Westermeier | April 30, 2019 at 10:29 am |

    I was thinking Trier – a former “capital” of the Western Roman Empire. Would that have also been accepted?

  3. “What is congrats to James” – that’s so cute! I’ve seen quite a few contestants laugh and chuckle at their fate before the game begins. What can you do but just enjoy the experience! (Although I thought no shouts-outs!?)

    • The “What is congrats to James” is considered a response and not a shout-out. 😉

      • @Andy
        And who is deciding what is considered a “response” and a “shout-out”? Just curious. If a player’s son graduates from med school e.g., and the son’s name is “Mike”: is “congrats Mike” a response or a shout-out? Sure, really stupid or inappropriate comments should be discouraged, but simple, clear and “clean” messages or a “smiley”? Lighten up, guys!!
        J! is not the last effort to achieve nuclear disarmament, it’s a game show. Looks to me some people are taking themselves to seriously there.

        • @Sean

          The most sensible rule would be “Whatever you write is your response”. If you don’t know the answer you can write anything as your response. But if you do know the answer you’d better leave the shout-outs out of it, or your response will be “What is Bonn Hi Mom” and “Bonn Hi Mom” is not the correct answer.

    • But that cute response may have cost her a thousand dollars (difference between second and first place). Even if she randomly picked a city between Berlin and Paris, it might have been correct. But, oh well.

      • Even if you qualify it by saying a “randomly picked city” between Paris and Berlin Bonn would still have been way off anybody’s radar…(Assuming your mind could focus on anything given those geographic parameters in those time constraints–I thought of Strassburg right off but knew that was wrong–I might have gone for the cute line instead, too…

    • I don’t think the middle guy exactly “enjoyed” the experience…(I’m not sure how I would react)

  4. Christina O. | April 30, 2019 at 11:47 am |

    If I understand the 300 Club correctly, won’t James need to answer more than 2933 questions correctly in order to surpass Ken?

  5. Jesse Scott | April 30, 2019 at 11:51 am |

    Thank you very much for your hardwork and timely statistics!

    Here are my thoughts on todays show:

    a) James appears unplayable (Though Adam proved yesterday he can be vulnerable)
    b) Cute gesture by Libby “What is.. congrats to James.”
    c) Only 23 incorrect responses in 19 shows… 5 of them come from forced responses.

  6. I bit on Aachen

    • Only when the male contestant guessed Bern (which, of course, IS a present-day capital), did I then have any guess at all, namely, “Geneva”–Up to then I was thinking (unsuccessfully) in the same direction as you, I think, namely, a capital city in the dim and distant past (Aachen more or less being Charlemagne’s capital), thanks to the “11 B.C.” so-called “clue”…

  7. Thank you Andy for posting today’s results because my local station that airs Jeopardy (KFOR-TV, Channel 4) will likely preempt today’s episode of Jeopardy in favor of Wall-to-Wall Severe Weather Coverage.

  8. Jay Rosenberg | April 30, 2019 at 3:21 pm |

    I thought of Cologne – I think it could be considered a former capital (it was the Roman capital of the region as well as maybe considered a capital of the Holy Roman Empire), was founded in the 1st BCE and is pretty much on a direct line, half-way between Paris and Berlin. Do you think it would have been accepted?

  9. Jon Eisenman | April 30, 2019 at 5:18 pm |


  10. Love James

  11. Today’s combined Coryat was $51,600 the highest during James’s run so far. Anyone know what the highest combined Coryat is?

    • As it turns out, my records are showing that the December 23, 2009 game also had a $51,600 combined Coryat, and that is tied with tonight’s game for the highest on record.

  12. Bill Madden | April 30, 2019 at 8:27 pm |

    Couldn’t watch tonight’s game due to a school shooting in NC blocking out the coverage.

  13. Pizza Face Fred | April 30, 2019 at 11:22 pm |

    If The Beast on “The Chase” has an IQ of 155, and a genius-level IQ starts at 140, and James has beaten The Beast (according to commenters on here), where does that, do you suppose, put James? Or is he just blessed with a photographic memory or some other unique intellectual phenomenon? Bar none, he’s far and away the best (smartest?) contestant I’ve ever seen—even if he were to lose tomorrow…

    • It doesn’t necessarily go hand-in-hand that someone smart in facts/trivia will score well. His easy recall of facts would be entirely useless since IQ tests are logical/spacial/analytical. If anything it’d be James’s ability in math (which seems exceptionally strong) that would allow him to do well in an IQ test because of the heavy emphasis they place on pattern recognition and sequencing. Some very (outwardly) intelligent people can score very low on IQ testing because the tests do not measure book intelligence – that’s why children as young as 5 can be IQ tested and those scores remain within a few points their entire lives – IQ doesn’t grow much with age or degrees or learned knowledge.

      • I do agree wrote trivia knowledge does not equal pure analytical knowledge. But I think J! rewards IQ. Many of the categories are based around reasoning (and fast reasoning. IQ tests include how fast you think.) And when you don’t know an answer exactly, many times you can reason your way there, especially in J! where there are clues in the question.

        Now with James specifically, his “career” points to him being extraordinarily intelligent. Sports gambling successfully is a science. He most likely writes his own algorithms and organizes masses of information to find an edge. Successfully beating the house is somewhere between beyond difficult to near impossible. And the bets don’t come from the gut, they come from a special mind.

  14. Mark Warner | May 1, 2019 at 9:34 pm |

    The 538 has an interesting article from 4 years ago. “Why Ken Jennings’s ‘Jeopardy!’ Streak Is Nearly Impossible To Break”. My paraphrasing is that there are better contestants now days, and that during Ken’s days, the returning champion had a buzzer advantage. Interesting read.

  15. Second try at leaving a 1st comment. The only response I got was that my comment was awaiting “evaluation ” or some such..? My question is – what is “coryat”? Thanks! I love this site!

    • A player’s score if all wagering is disregarded. In the Coryat score, there is no penalty for forced incorrect responses on Daily Doubles, but correct responses on Daily Doubles earn only the natural values of the clues, and any gain or loss from the Final Jeopardy! Round is ignored.

      • Pizza Face Fred | May 2, 2019 at 12:36 pm |

        What’s a “forced incorrect response?” Sounds like they’re being pressured to answer. So if “any gain or loss” in Final Jeopardy! is ignored, isn’t that like saying it just isn’t included in the Coryat calculation?

        • On a Daily Double or Final Jeopardy!, your response is essentially forced, as you’re automatically losing money if you say nothing. Contrast that with signalling, where if you don’t signal, your score does not change.

  16. Allan Simon | May 2, 2019 at 5:43 pm |

    Are you the Andy Saunders who owned the Underass* Danseurs ?

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