Today’s Final Jeopardy – May 22, 2019


Here’s today’s Final Jeopardy (in the category 19th Century American History) for Wednesday, May 22, 2019 (Season 35, Episode 183):

In 1832, by a narrow margin, this state’s legislature rejected considering abolition; a split was completed in 1863

(correct response beneath the contestants)


Today’s contestants:

Liz Levin, an attorney from Los Angeles, California
Liz Levin on Jeopardy!
Mary Peace, a high school teacher from Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Mary Peace on Jeopardy!
James Holzhauer, a professional sports gambler from Las Vegas, Nevada (24-day total: $1,867,142)
James Holzhauer on Jeopardy!

James has cemented his spot in the next Tournament of Champions. Our ToC Tracker shows who else is in the field.

If you’re curious to see how James’ stats so far shape up to those of Ken Jennings, you can find them at A James Holzhauer vs. Ken Jennings Statistical Comparison.

James has reached 800 correct responses on the show and has moved to #2 all-time on that list! See who else has at least 300 on our 300 Club page!

Did you attempt any of the online tests last month? You can find last week’s questions and answers here!

The Jeopardy! Book of Answers is out now! Here’s my review.

Are you going on the show and looking for information about how to bet in Final Jeopardy? Check out my new Betting Strategy 101 page!

I recently updated my tournament wild card models with as much tournament data that I’ve been able to find! If you’re playing in a tournament, you’ll want to check this out!

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Correct response: What is Virginia?


Did you know that you can now find game-by-game stats of everyone, including James, who has won 10 or more games on Jeopardy!, here on the site?


More information about Final Jeopardy:

Prompted by Nat Turner’s slave rebellion of 1831 in Southampton County of Virginia, over 40 petitions were submitted to the Virginia House of Delegates pertaining to slavery; some calling for abolition and emancipation. Voters east and west of the Blue Ridge Mountains had very differing views; western Virginia, where there were very few slaveholders, greatly preferred emancipation. Late 1831 and early 1832 saw the House of Delegates take up the question; however, they elected not to legislate, suggesting “that a further action for the removal of the slaves should await a more definite development of public opinion.”

During the Civil War, the northwestern counties of Virginia seceded from Virginia (which had just seceded from the Union itself) and was granted statehood as West Virginia in 1863.


Since Alex Trebek’s diagnosis of stage 4 pancreatic cancer, many community members have been raising money. The Jeopardy! Fan Online Store is as well! All proceeds from any “Keep The Faith And We’ll Win” shirt sold will be donated to the Pancreatic Cancer Action Network. To date, over $370 has been raised.)


Looking to find out who won Jeopardy! today? Tonight’s results are below!

Scores going into Final:
James $43,314
Mary $7,200
Liz -$2,400


Tonight’s results:
Liz -$2,400 (by rule, did not participate in Final Jeopardy)
Mary $7,200 + $0 = $7,200
James $43,314 + $28,571 = $71,885 (25-day total: $1,939,027)


James Holzhauer, today's Jeopardy! winner (for the May 22, 2019 game.)


Scores after the Jeopardy! Round:
James $11,800
Mary $2,400
Liz -$400


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Opening break taken after: 15 clues


Daily Double locations:
1) LONG AGO IN THE 20th CENTURY $1000 (6th pick)
James 2000 +2000 (Mary 1200 Liz -1000)
2) WORDS FROM MYTHOLOGY $2000 (1st pick)
Liz -400 -2000 (James 11800 Mary 2400)
3) GEOGRAPHY $1200 (4th pick)
James 15400 +11914 (Mary 2400 Liz -2400)
Overall Daily Double Efficiency for this game: 77


Unplayed clues:
J! round: None!
DJ! Round: None!
Total $ Left On Board: $0


Game Stats:
James $31,600 Coryat, 35 correct, 1 incorrect, 56.14% in first on buzzer, 2/2 on rebound attempts
Mary $7,200 Coryat, 11 correct, 1 inocrrect, 21.05% in first on buzzer
Liz -$400 Coryat, 8 correct, 5 incorrect, 17.54% in first on buzzer, 0/2 on rebound attempts
Combined Coryat Score: $38,400
Lach Trash: $7,200 (on 5 Triple Stumpers)
Coryat lost to incorrect responses (less double-correct responses): $8,400


James Holzhauer, stats to date:
912 correct, 28 incorrect
26/28 on rebound attempts (on 55 rebound opportunities)
58.58% in first on buzzer (826/1410)
57/61 on Daily Doubles (Net Earned: $525,854)
24/25 in Final Jeopardy
Average Coryat: $30,888


James Holzhauer, to win:
26 games: 98.325%
27: 96.678%
28: 95.059%
29: 93.466%
30: 91.901%
75: 42.973%
Avg. streak: 83.701 games.
(This is using the updated model.)


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Tournament of Champions projections:
With a projected 77 regular-play games to go prior to the Tournament of Champions cutoff, after 500,000 simulations, our model shows:

James Holzhauer qualified 100.000% of the time.
Eric R. Backes qualified 94.267% of the time.
Anneke Garcia qualified 80.087% of the time.
Lindsey Shultz qualified 55.458% of the time.
Dave Leffler qualified 34.457% of the time.
Jonathan Dinerstein qualified 27.235% of the time.


Andy’s Thoughts:

  • $71,885 is the 19th-highest one-day total of all time. James now has 17 of the top 20 one-day totals of all time.
  • If you took the 25 games James has already won out of the prediction model, it would still predict a streak of 59 games for James.
  • The prediction model gives James a 88.848% chance of surpassing Ken Jennings’ winnings total of $2,520,700, and a 55.365% chance of James surpassing Brad Rutter’s all-time winnings total of $4,688,436. (At his current average, James would pass Ken on June 3 and Brad on July 25.)
  • With his incorrect response on the 24th clue of Double Jeopardy!, James’ streak of consecutive clues heard without giving an incorrect response ends at 265.
  • I can’t figure out what numbers Jeopardy! is failing to include, but I have double-checked all of my numbers and I am confirming that James’ current average Daily Double wager is $9,086. This is not the first time that Jeopardy!’s numbers are incorrect; they also got the number of correct responses incorrect for each player for the All-Star Games.
  • James’ average winning total on Wednesdays is $86,527.

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51 Comments on "Today’s Final Jeopardy – May 22, 2019"

  1. People said that about Ken Jennings in 2004 as well.

  2. Matthew Alvord | May 22, 2019 at 11:22 am |

    How many taped shows are left to be played until the next season?

  3. Maybe they’ll have to bring in an android powered by Deep Blue… then again, maybe that’s what James is!

  4. It’s crazy that I think $71,886 is a relatively low win, and that James needs to up his game tomorrow!

  5. Stuart Malkin | May 22, 2019 at 11:38 am |

    Were the dollar values of clues the same for Ken Jennings as they are now?

  6. Elizabeth Harris | May 22, 2019 at 11:58 am |

    What was the rule that Liz did not participate in Final Jeopardy? I teach tonight, so I can’t watch the match (and we don’t have a DVR). That’s why I am so glad for your web site! We are HUGE James fans in our family!!!

  7. While watching James whacking Jeopardy like a blindfolded kid hitting a piñata with a home run swing every single time does have some entertainment interest, would you suggest to the Jeopardy producers that-if humanly possible-other players could be located that possess his level of whatever it is that he has, and play against them, now that would be fun to watch. Did that poor girl even buzz in after she went down -2400, if I was in the pool of upcoming players and knew I would be facing this, I would walk out of the studio, get a cab to LAX, and fly home.

    • Yes, she did buzz in a number of times.

      Also, this is a fan site with no contact with the show (by design). Nobody here has the ability to suggest anything to the show’s producers. Moreover, each player passes the same contestant exam, which is already set to find a very high quality player.

  8. He was literally one response away from losing already.
    Let it play out.
    He is a very accomplished quizzer, but there are others.

    • If James, Ken, or Brad had the misfortune of being invited to play while one of the other two was playing; in all likelihood we would not have thought much more of the loser. I’m thinking that this may have been Adam Levin’s fate. Who knows how many great players were chosen when a great player was already playing???

  9. Bob Chang | May 22, 2019 at 12:53 pm |

    Well, tomorrow we should see James beat the interim goal of $2 million, en route to exceeding Ken’s regular game record! Since his first three games when he was getting used to Jeopardy he’s exceeded the amount he’ll need to top $2M in 19 of last 22 games, so it’s a pretty safe bet that the gambler will do it!

    • Bob Chang | May 22, 2019 at 1:32 pm |

      Correction: James has beaten the amount needed to top $2M tomorrow in 17 of his past 22 games. But even if he doesn’t, topping $2M within 2 more games is a virtual certainty as his two lowest games to date are easily higher than what he needs by a few thousand.

  10. I wonder if James’ final bet tomorrow – just for the heck of it – will be such that his winning tptal will be 60.973 ? Would be a “low” total for him but get him to exactly 2 M. But why throw money away when he might have a runaway, could bet more and win, say 80 K or so? Just curious….

  11. Marty Cunningham | May 22, 2019 at 1:51 pm |

    I was watching this week’s games last night, and I believe James actually had a wrong answer in the Double round on Monday’s show (5/20), which would shorten his streak of incorrect answers. I can’t remember the exact clue, but I remember being surprised that Alex told him “No” after he gave a response. I could try and re-check again tonight, but I think this only slightly shortens his streak of correct responses.

    Also, not much of a tip to the other players, but it seems that when James does not know the answer, he does not ring in, mainly to not risk even a slight loss to his lead, but many times the other contestants do not capitalize on that pause to ring in.
    I have noticed this whenever there is still a Daily Double in play. After the third DD has been uncovered, he is either taking a break or just letting the other players catch up and let them answer a few more, but he always tries to have control of the board for the very last question.

    I have to at least admire that he is playing a style that others of us have only thought about playing and, so far, it has been paying off. Still, it is “go big or go home,” and at some point the first part will not work and the second will take over.
    Since the rule changes sometime after Brad Rutter’s initial run, now, everyone will lose a game (no more ‘retired’ champs), but, just a thought, would James walk away once he accomplished however many goals he may still have set for himself, say after 80 games and $5 to $6 million in winnings, so that he would claim all the records that he still does not yet have?

    • On 5/20, James was originally ruled incorrect on a clue, but was later credited with a correct response.

    • Elizabeth Harris | May 22, 2019 at 5:09 pm |

      If he keeps on winning, I think that with his quirky personality he will decide at a certain point that he is done with his own goals and then throw a game.

    • Elizabeth Harris | May 22, 2019 at 5:14 pm |

      I was a bit surprised that they did not penalize him when he answered the clue for the “Hunt for Red October” b/c he actually made a statement BEFORE giving the answer. Technically, whatever he says first should count and any remarks should come after the answer. (Esp now in light of the rule on “no shout outs” which is about the same issue.)

      • I thought the exact same thing and was surprised he actually said something before giving the answer.

      • I don’t think there is a “first statement counts” rule on Jeopardy. You are allowed to make a minor correction to your response as long as Alex has not already said you’re wrong.

        • Elizabeth Harris | May 22, 2019 at 9:01 pm |

          Thanks for the clarification. That was the first time I had heard a comment like that before the answer, so I was wondering.

    • Christina O. | May 22, 2019 at 6:03 pm |

      Marty, you bring up a keen observation about “..James taking a break or letting the other players catch up…” idea. I have also wondered if he was allowing some clues to go to the other players but I never deduced that this occurred only after the third DD was off the board. I’ll have to pay a little more attention to the timing of his lapses.

      But, I hope he doesn’t get too soft. He needs to keep his professional gambling skills in play to keep this rolling!

  12. Im not from the US, and don’t have Jeopardy on TV, but I love to follow James. In case he is not defeded all season is he allowed to come back next season?

  13. Cindy McArthur | May 22, 2019 at 2:59 pm |

    I don’t like a lot of suspense. Thus, I have to check this page daily to see if James has won or lost before I can watch the show! Thank you for this resource!

  14. Thanks for these (highly informative and interesting!) write-ups! I’ve really enjoyed watching the statistics you’ve collected on James run.

    One comment that I saw someone else mention in a comment a few weeks ago, but that I’d like to echo: It’d be really interesting to have an expanded version of the ‘top games’ category of the top xxx games now that James has completely taken over the top 10. The suggestion was even for just games >50k (or >40k), say, in the same way you’ve collected the top (33k+) Coryat games. This would be a nice way to conveniently preserve some of the history now that James has demolished the old records so thoroughly. (Perhaps this information exists elsewhere, but I’ve not been able to find it.)

    Thanks again for the hard work!

  15. Elizabeth Harris | May 22, 2019 at 5:06 pm |

    Oops, sorry – my error – I didn’t pay attention to the minus sign.

  16. Alice Friebel | May 22, 2019 at 5:47 pm |

    What was the statement about Texas & Bob Wills that James didn’t know…………..”What is Swing?”

    • For example, you that song by Johnny Cash, Cocaine Blues? (“I shot my woman down, you know the song”). Originally sang by Roy Hogsed in 1948. That’s western swing. Bob Willis was the king of western swing. Don’t feel bad. A lot of Texas would have blanked too.

  17. Jerry Good | May 22, 2019 at 5:50 pm |

    I think Jeopardy should have an “I Lost To James Tournement” using the second place contestants. Using the typical tournament structure until a finalist is crowned.

  18. I’ve never seen my comments here. What’s up?

  19. Sorry that the clues were mean to Liz.

  20. Based on the way James is promoting this run on social media, I really do believe he will be returning next season and has locked in 62 wins so far. I could be wrong, but I would not hesitate to bet 2 dimes on it. (That’s $2,000 Alex)

  21. freddie leonard | May 22, 2019 at 8:27 pm |

    If James keeps going at this rate, We’ll be marking our calendars for September 25, 2019

    • Christina O. | May 22, 2019 at 10:22 pm |

      Yeah, summer will be a drag unless Producers come up with some good reruns for us…maybe re-airing the Ken Jennings shows?

  22. Bill Weil | May 23, 2019 at 4:17 am |

    I have read that playing five games in one day is mentally fatiguing. I think Ken Jennings said that was the hardest part. I’ve remarked to my wife several times that James takes mental breaks during the game to keep himself sharp.

  23. Prithvi Sudhakar | May 23, 2019 at 7:57 am |

    OK, OK…

    If Jeopardy! put James against Watson, then who would win?

  24. I missed the end of the show. I heard 1 contestant was not in the game for final jeopardy. Is that because she had a negative total?

  25. Richard dykeman | May 23, 2019 at 6:49 pm |

    Andy—do you watch the current day’s shown in Chicago, or over the web so that you can post who won the day’s game before it airs on the east coast? We watch it at 730 pm in Virginia. On the local news Channel, channel 8 from Richmond, they were taking about James being behind after the first round. I was surprised when I read your. Web site.

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